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Essays on "Supernatural Religion"

by J. B. Lightfoot

 

INDEX OF SUBJECTS.


Aberle, 210, 213 n

Abgarus, 279

Achaia, vicissitudes as a Roman province, 292

_Acts of Peter_, 37

Acts of the Apostles; Eusebius' method with regard to, 46; used by Polycarp, 95; by Polycrates, 249; ascribed by IrenŠus to St Luke, 44; quoted in the _Letter of the Gallican Churches_, 257; Renan on its authorship, 291; recent discoveries illustrating, 291 sq

Addai; see _Doctrine of Addai_

Ălian, credulity of, 269

Ăsop, Hitzig's derivation of the name, 25 n

African martyrs, 76, 83

Agathonice, 148

Alcibiades, 254

Alexander, 253

Alford, 9, 294, 295 n

Alogi, 215 n

Ambrosius, the friend of Origen, 7

Ammonius of Alexandria; his date, 280; his Harmony of the Gospels, 280; Eusebius' account of it, 280; its scope distinct from Tatian's _Diatessaron_, 280 sq; but confused with it by Syrian writers, 281 sq

Anastasius of Sinai; his high estimate of Papias, 154, 157, 200 sq; quotes Melito, 225 n, 230 sq

Andreas of CŠsarea, mentions Papias, 34 n, 214

Andrew (St), at Ephesus, 91, 143, 145, 146, 160, 189, 193

Anger, 165

Anicetus, 99, 100, 101, 102

Anthropomorphism, 139 n

Antinomianism, 119 sq

Antioch; Trajan at, 79; Antoninus Pius at, 98 n; earthquake at, 79 sq

Antoninus Pius; proconsul of Asia as T. Aurelius Fulvus, 98 n; his movements as emperor, 98 n

Aphraates, his acquaintance with Tatian's _Diatessaron_, 283 n, [288]

Aphthonius, 280

Apion, as a critic, 269

Apocalypse; its date, 14 n, 132; its differences from the Fourth Gospel, 15, 131 sq, 214 sq; the term Logos in, 15, 123; supposed allusions to St Paul in, 13 sq; the form of Gnosticism denounced in, 14 n; its position in the Canon of Eusebius, 47; Eusebius' treatment of patristic notices of, 37 n, 39, 43, 47, 215 sq; Papias on its authorship, 34 n, 214; Justin Martyr, 43, 216; IrenŠus, 45, 47, 216; Eusebius, 144; the Johannine authorship admitted by the early fathers, 214 sq; notices in Justin Martyr, 43,47, 216; in Melito, 47; his commentary on it, 216; in the Muratorian Canon, 216; in Theophilus, 44, 47, 52, 216; in Apollonius, 47

_Apocalypse of Peter_, 37, 47

Apollinaris, Claudius, of Hierapolis; a contemporary of Melito, 237; his date, 237 sq; his literary activity, 32, 102, 207, 238; his orthodoxy, 238 sq; his writings, 238, 242 sq; Eusebius' list of them incomplete, 238, 242 sq; his _Apology_, 237; his work against the Montanists, 238, 243; against the Severians, 243; on the Paschal Festival, 238 sq, 242 sq; the assumed silence of the fathers on this work considered, 242 sq; not an antagonist of Melito, 242, 244, 245; but a Quartodeciman, 244 sq; genuineness of the extant fragments of, 239 sq; references to the Gospels in them, 239, 240; to the Fourth Gospel, 240; follows the chronology of the Fourth Gospel, 248; mentions the miracle of the Thundering Legion, 237; his prominence in the School of St John, 218

Apollonius; notice of the Apocalypse in, 47; extracts in Eusebius from, 91 n

Apologies, absence of scriptural quotations in Christian, 33, 271, 275

Arethas, 201

Arianism, and the Ignatian controversy, 60, 62, 69

Aristides, the rhetorician, 98 n, 104, 270

Aristion, and Papias, 91, 143, 144 sq, 149, 150 n, 187, 266

Arnold, Matthew, 24, 190 n

Artemis, cultus of the Ephesian, 297 sq

Asia Minor; imperial visits to, 98; the proconsulate of, 293; the proconsular fasti of, 103 sq, 115, 121, 223, 295 n; its connexion with Southern Gaul, 105, 252

Asia Minor, the Churches of; importance of, 91 sq, 217 sq; Apostles resident in, 91, 217; episcopacy in, 84, 218; solidarity of, 102; the arena of controversy, 84, 219; literary activity of, 219, 249; testimony to the Fourth Gospel from, 249; the Church of Southern Gaul a colony of, 249; intimate relations between them, 105, 252 sq; Polycarp's Epistle publicly read in, 105 n

Asiarchs, 222 n, 299

Askar and Sychar, 17 n, 133 sq

Assemani, 280 n, 281 n

Athanasius, quotes the Ignatian Epistles, 80

Attalus, the Pergamene martyr, 253, 254

Aubertin, 66, 67

Augustus, the division of Roman provinces by, 291 sq

Balaam, as a type of St Paul, 13

Bar-Ali, the lexicographer; his date, 282 n; mentions Tatian, 282 n

Bar-Bahlul; his date, 282 n; Ammonius and Tatian confused in late MSS of his lexicon, 282 n

Bar-HebrŠus; his date, 281 n; confuses Ammonius and Tatian, 281 n

Bar-Salibi; his date, 280; his testimony to Tatian's _Diatessaron_, 280 sq

Barnabas, Epistle of; its date, 177; quotes St Matthew's Gospel as 'Scripture,' 177, 227; employed by Clement of Alexandria, 47; Chiliasm in, 151

Baronio, 293

Basil (St), 175

Basilides; his date, 85, 161; his work _On the Gospel_, 161; fragments preserved in Hippolytus, 161; his appeal to the Fourth Gospel, 52, 219; the Vossian Epistles silent on, 85; his allusion to Glaucias, 21, 123

Basnoge, 66, 67

Bassus, L. Annius, proconsul of Cyprus, 294 n

Baumgarten-Crusius, 68, 69

Baur, 24, 61, 64, 70

Beausobre, 68, 69

Bethesda, the pool of, 9, 126

Bleek, 65, 66, 69, 171

Blondel, 66, 67

Bochart, 66, 67, 83

B÷hringer, 65

Borghesi, 296 n

Bunsen, 61, 63, 64, 65, 66

Calvin, and the Ignatian controversy, 65, 66

Carpus, 148

Capitolinus, 98 n

Casaubon, 66, 67

Celsus, 6 sq, 25 n

Cerinthus; encountered by St John, 101, 212; his separationism, 118; attacked in St John's First Epistle, 118; according to IrenŠus, the Fourth Gospel aimed at, 48, 182; the Fourth Gospel and Apocalypse ascribed to, 215; the question of the Canon involved in the controversy with, 219; confused with Marcion, 210, 212

Cesnola's explorations in Cyprus, 294, 297

Chemnitz, 65, 66

Chiliasm; of Papias, 151 sq, 158 sq, 160, 197, 215 n; of the early Church generally, 151

Christian literature; compared with the classics as regards external evidence for documents, 82; plagiarisms in, 202

Christian martyrs; coincidence with the Passion of Christ in the sufferings of, 220; zeal for martyrdom exhibited by, 82 sq

Christian prisoners, the treatment of, 74 sq

Christology; of the Synoptists and Fourth Gospel, 15 sq; of Cerinthus, 118; of Ignatius, 42, 86 sq, 108, 231; of Polycarp, 106, 108; of Justin Martyr, 235; of Melito, 230, 231, 234 sq

Christ's ministry, the duration of, 16 sq, 48, 131, 245 sq

_Chronicon Paschale_; see _Paschal Chronicle_

Chrysostom, the panegyric on Ignatius of, 80

[Ciasca, 288]

Claudius Apollinaris; see _Apollinaris_

Clemens, Flavius, cousin of Domitian, 94 n

Clement of Alexandria; coincidence in the name, 94 n; a pupil of PantŠnus, 274; perhaps of Melito, 218, 224; perhaps also of Tatian, 274; quotes from Tatian, 273 n; his wide learning, 269; compared with his heathen contemporaries, 269; his travels, 270; his testimony to the Four Gospels, 270; to St Mark, 167; to the Fourth Gospel, 52; to the labours of St John, 218; accepts the identity of authorship of the Fourth Gospel and Apocalypse, 216; employs the Epistle of Clement of Rome, 47; the Epistle of Barnabas, 47; the _Apocalypse of Peter_, 47; the _Gospel according to the Hebrews_, 152; quotes Basilides, 161; his treatise on the Paschal Festival, 243 sq; date of his _Stromateis_, 274; his use of the word 'oracles,' 174

Clement of Rome; his name, 94 n; probably a Hellenist Jew, 94; and a freedman, 94; his position compared with that of Polycarp, 89; scriptural quotations in his Epistle, 40, 105, 110; Eusebius' method tested on it, 40, 47, 179; its testimony to the Epistle of the Hebrews, 40, 47, 49; employed by Clement of Alexandria, 47; its date and that of the book of Judith, 25 n; his use of the Canon and that of Polycarp, 94, 105; his use of the word 'oracles,' 174; the story of the phoenix in, 268; his place in modern German theories, 24

Clementines; as a romance, 15; Gnostic fragments preserved in the, 40 n; quote and employ the narrative of the Fourth Gospel, 50, 52

Cook, 66, 67

Cordus, Q. Julius, proconsul of Cyprus, 294 n

Cramer's _Catena_, 201

Credner, 12, 19, 124 sq, 186

Crescens, the Cynic, 148, 272

Cureton, 61, 63, 65, 68, 70, 71 sq, 81 n, 86, 232 n, 278 n, 279 n

Curetonian Epistles, 61 sq; see also _Ignatian Epistles_

Cyprian; his correspondence, 76; accepts identity of authorship of the Fourth Gospel and Apocalypse, 216

Cyprus; its vicissitudes as a Roman province, 292 sq; the evidence of inscriptions on this, 294; source of Pliny's information regarding, 295; proconsuls and proprŠtors of, 294; recent excavations at, 291 sq

Cyrrhestice, 282, 283

DallŠus, 65, 114

De Wette, 9, 293 n

Decian persecution, 76

Delitzsch, 17, 133, 135, 136

Demetrius, the silversmith of Ephesus, 298, 299, 301

Denzinger, 63, 71

_Diapente_, 279 n, 285 sq

_Diatessaron_; see _Tatian_

Dion Cassius, 293

Dionysius of Alexandria; his critical insight, 167; assigns the Fourth Gospel to St John, 216; but separates the authorship of the Apocalypse, 167, 216

Dionysius of Corinth; his evidence to the Canon, 156, 177, 227; the silence of Eusebius respecting, 35 sq, 39, 184

Docetism, attacked in the Ignatian Epistles, 118 n

_Doctrine of Addai_; discovery of the document, 278 n; its subject, 278; its date, 279; its country, 279; noticed in Eusebius, 279; mentions Tatian's _Diatessaron_, 278; the Armenian version, 279

Dodwell, 98 n, 264

Dogma and morality, 27 sq

Donaldson, 241 n

Dressel, 80 n

Dutch school of criticism, 2, 9, 36

Ebionism; no trace in the Ignatian Epistles, 42; nor in Polycarp, 43, 102 sq, 153 sq; nor in Papias, 42, 43, 151 sq

Edessa, 278 sq

Elders; quoted by Papias, 4 sq, 143, 145, 159, 163, 168, 181, 194, 197 sq; by IrenŠus, 4, 6, 48, 54, 58, 102, 145, 195 sq, 218, 233, 245, 247 sq; who both reports their conversations, and cites their works, 196 sq; identification of some of them, 194 sq, 196 n, 224, 248 n, 266

Eleutherus, Bishop of Rome, 99, 261; IrenŠus sent as delegate to, 253, 259 n

Elias of Salamia; his _Diatessaron_, 280; his name Aphthonius, 280

Encratites; Apollinaris' treatises against the, 238, 243; Tatian's connexion with the, 272, 284

Ephesus; St John at, 91, 101, 142 sq, 217 sq; other Apostles at, 91; Wood's excavations at, 291, 294 n, 297 sq; cultus of Artemis at, 297 sq; the great theatre at, 298 sq; the designation of magistrates, 299; the title neocoros, 300; the lawful assemblies, 301; image-processions at, 301 sq; gates of, 302

Ephraem of Antioch, 172

Ephraem Syrus; date of his death, 280; his commentary on Tatian's _Diatessaron_, 280 sq; [an Armenian version discovered, 287]

Epiphanius; date of his work on _Heresies_, 284; his treatise against the Alogi, 215 n; his obligations to Hippolytus, 216 n; his historical blunders, 260, 269, 285; confuses Tatian's _Diatessaron_ with the _Gospel according to the Hebrews_, 284

Episcopacy; in the time of St John, 218; in Asia Minor in the time of Ignatius, 84; stress laid upon it in the Ignatian Epistles, 107; especially in the Vossian Letters, 87; the Ignatian controversy centres round the question of, 61; not mentioned in the Epistle of Polycarp, 106, 107 sq, 122; prominent in the writings of IrenŠus, 122

Ernesti, 68

Euodia and Syntyche, extravagant German theories respecting, 24 sq

Eusebius; sources of his history, 32 sq; his rule of procedure in dealing with the Canon, 36 sq, 46 sq, 178 sq, 190 sq, 215 sq; tested on extant literature, 40 sq; what his silence means, 32 sq; its value as a direct testimony, 51; his trustworthiness and moderation, 49 sq, 209; his habit of incomplete and combined quotations, 168, 209; on the Ignatian Epistles, 72 sq, 80, 82; on Papias, 142 sq, 147, 151 sq, 154, 167, 186, 190 sq; his estimate of Papias, 209; on John the Presbyter, 143 sq; his lists of the works of Melito not exhaustive, 224 sq, 228; nor those of the works of Apollinaris, 238, 242; dependent upon Pamphilus' library, 225; on the Paschal controversy, 17, 245; attempts to harmonize the Gospel narrative, 208, 209; for this purpose perhaps borrows from Papias, 208

Evagrius, 80

Ewald, 63, 65, 136, 204

[Greek: epi Tra´anou], 81

[Greek: epistolai], of a single letter, 114, 189

[Greek: exŕgŕsis], 155 n, 156, 160 n, 175 sq; and [Greek: diŕgŕsis], 157 n

Fathers, early; compared in historical accuracy with classical writers, 268 sq; considered as critics, 167, 229, 263, 268; the dearth of scriptural quotations in their works accounted for, 33, 271; explanation of their literary plagiarisms, 202, 237

Felicitas, 83

Florinus; a pupil of Polycarp, 96 sq; IrenŠus' letter to, 96 sq, 195 n; date of his connexion with the royal court, 97 sq; his subsequent history, 98

Four Gospels; that number only recognized in the Muratorian Canon, 166, 270; in IrenŠus, 45, 48, 166, 233, 263 sq; in Eusebius, 39

Fourth Gospel; its spirit, 13; its Hebraic character, 14; the minuteness of its details, 14 sq; the narrative of an eye-witness, 14 sq; compared with the Apocalypse, in diction, 15, 34 n, 131 sq, 214 sq; in Christology, 15 sq; the bearing of Montanism on this question, 219, 238, 267; compared with the Synoptists in chronology and narrative, 16, 48, 131, 240, 245 sq; the relation of the Paschal controversy to this question, 17, 219, 225, 239 sq, 267; historical and geographical allusions considered, 17 sq; the personality of its author, 18 sq; association of others with him in the work, 187; anecdotes with regard to its composition, 48, 52, 187, 189 sq, 210, 217; probably dictated, 187, 214; its wide acceptance among orthodox and heretics, 52 sq; testimony given by the growth of various readings and interpolations, 9 sq, 52; by the commentary of Heracleon, 52; the evidence of the Ignatian Epistles, 41; of Papias, 4 sq, 35, 54 sq, 186 sq; of the _Martyrdom of Polycarp_, 221 sq; of the elders in IrenŠus, 48; of the Muratorian Canon, 52, 189 sq, 206 sq; of Claudius Apollinaris, 240; of the School of St John generally, 249 sq; of the _Letter of the Gallican Churches_, 258; of Tatian, 275 sq, 280 sq; of Origen, 216; of Gaius, 216 n; IrenŠus on its purpose, 48, 182; quoted by Theophilus of Antioch, 44, 52, 179, 215, 216; significance of the silence of Eusebius, 33 sq, 51 sq; ascribed to Cerinthus, 215; its connexion with the First Epistle of St John, 186 sq, 190, 220

Gaius; on the authorship of the Epistle to the Hebrews, 47; of the Apocalypse and Fourth Gospel, 216 n; his date, 216 n; his relation to Hippolytus considered, 91 n, 216 n

Galen, 83, 153, 196 n, 295 n, 296 sq

Gallican Churches; a colony from the Churches of Asia Minor, 249, 251 sq; intimate connexion between the two bodies, 105, 249, 252 sq; persecuted under M. Aurelius, 252 sq; their letter to the brethren in Asia and Phrygia, 146 n, 216, 252 sq, 259 n, 271; its date, 259; scriptural quotations in it, 254 sq; their letters on the Montanist controversy, 253; their letter to Victor on the Paschal controversy, 253 sq

Gaul, called Galatia, 251

Georgius Hamartolos, 211 sq

Gfr÷rer, 69

Glaucias, 21

Gnosticism; the development of antinomian, 119; the literature of, 160 sq; the exegesis of, 160 sq, 175, 202; the opponents of, 160 sq, 219, 268; the scene of the conflict with, 219; attacked in St Paul's Epistles, 119; in the Apocalypse, 14 n, 119; in the Epistle of Polycarp, 116 sq; not alluded to in the Ignatian Epistles, 85; an appeal to the Canon requisite in the conflict with, 219

Gobarus, 12

_Gospel of Peter_, 37

_Gospel according to the Hebrews_; see _Hebrews, Gospel according to the_

Gospels; see _Matthew's (St) Gospel_, _Mark's (St) Gospel_, _Luke's (St) Gospel_, _Fourth Gospel_, _Four Gospels_

Grabe, 98 n

Griesbach, 68, 69

[Gwynn's (Prof.) discovery of a Gaius distinct from Hippolytus, 216 n]

Hadrian, 98

Hagenbach, 68

Harless, 69

Hase, 70

_Hebrews, Gospel according to the_; employed by Hegesippus, 47, 183; by other fathers, 152; perhaps quoted by Ignatius, 41 sq, 153; Papias not proved to have employed, 152, 203 sq; translated by Jerome, 203, 285; statements of Jerome about it, 42, 152; confused with the Hebrew original of St Matthew, 170, 285; with Tatian's _Diatessaron_, 284; distinct scope of the last-named work, 285

Hebrews, Epistle to the; in the notices of Eusebius, 37, 46, 47, 49, 52; the testimony of Clement of Rome, 40, 47, 49; of IrenŠus, 46, 47; of Gaius, 47

Hefele, 63

Hegesippus; his lost ecclesiastical history, 32, 39; the silence of Eusebius respecting, 34 sq, 183, 185; his attitude towards St Paul, 12; towards tradition, 155; employs the _Gospel according to the Hebrews_, 47, 183

'Hellenic' and 'Hellenistic,' 132 n

[Hemphill, 287, 288]

Henke, 68

Heracleon's commentary on the Fourth Gospel, 52

Hermas, the _Shepherd_ of; its devotional character, 271; hence does not quote Scripture, 271; the citations in Eusebius, 37, 38, 47 sq; quoted by IrenŠus, 45, 47, 184

Herodes, the magistrate, 220, 221

Heumann, 68

Hierapolis, 91, 102, 142, 153, 207, 218, 224

Hilgenfeld, 64, 71, 104, 116, 122, 146 n, 158 n, 159 n, 170, 171, 172, 176 n, 186, 211, 216, 262 n, 287 n

Hippolytus; pupil of IrenŠus, 102, 145, 196 n, 267; probably at Rome, 267 n; opposes Gnosticism, 216 n, 219; defends the Fourth Gospel against the Alogi, 216 n; plagiarisms of, 202; plagiarisms from, 216 n; Gnostic fragments preserved in, 40, 161; his relation to Gaius considered, 91 n, 216 n

Hitzig, 24 sq

Hoffmann, 282 n

Hort, on the elate of Justin Martyr, 274 n

Ignatian Epistles; date, place of writing and subject, 59, 93; three forms: (1) Long Recension, 60; documents, 60; date of the forgery, 60; (2) Vossian Epistles, 60 sq; MSS and Versions, 61; history of their discovery, 61; (3) Curetonian Epistles, 61; their discovery, 61; questions raised (A) whether the Vossian or Curetonian Epistles are prior, 61; the view of _S.R._, 63, 74; the real balance of modern authorities, 63 sq; arguments against the priority of the Curetonian Epistles from (i) the Armenian Version, 60; a translation from the Syriac Version of the Curetonian Epistles, 71, 86; (ii) the abruptness of the Curetonian Epistles, 77 n, 86; the counter-argument from the confessedly spurious letters answered, 60, 71, 72 sq; the argument from quotations considered, 73 sq; (B) whether any form is genuine, 61; denied by _S.R._, 62, 74; (i) internal evidence considered, (_a_) Ignatius' treatment as a prisoner, 74 sq; (_b_) the journey to Rome, 79 sq; (_c_) Ignatius' zeal for martyrdom, 82; (_d_) supposed anachronisms, 83; (_e_) evidence of style, 84; (ii) external evidence, 82; result, 84, 88; relation of the Vossian Epistles, 84 sq; argument from silence, 84 sq; limit of their date, 85; arguments for their genuineness, 86 sq; result, 88, [59 n]; scriptural quotations in the, 41; Eusebius' method tested on the, 41; theological controversies which have centred round, 61 sq; Christology of, 42, 86 sq, 108, 231; a metaphor of image-processions illustrated, 302

Ignatius; the name Theophorus, 302; his letters (see _Ignatian Epistles_); his journey to Rome, 59; its probability considered, 63, 79 sq, 111; his route, 93, 113; his treatment as a prisoner, 74 sq; his intercourse with Polycarp, 92 sq, 106 sq, 113; the notice in the Epistle of Polycarp, 11, 82, 113 sq; his zeal for martyrdom, 82; not martyred at Antioch, 79 sq, 212 n, 214; date of his martyrdom, 59; days of commemoration of, 79; extant martyrologies of, 73 n, 80

IrenŠus; date of his birth, 98 n, 264; a pupil of Polycarp, date, 89, 97 sq; his letter to Florinus, 96 sq, 195 n; represents three Churches, 267; his connexion with the _Letter of the Gallican Churches_, 259; sent as delegate to Rome, 253, 259 n, 267; at Rome more than once, 267 n; his lectures there, 267; his pupil Hippolytus, 102, 145, 196 n, 267; date of his episcopate, 97; his remonstrance addressed to Victor, 100; his literary activity, 267; date of his _Refutation_, 259, 260; the first great controversial treatise, 271; its importance as evidence to the Canon, 271; his profuse scriptural quotations, 44 sq, 180, 181, 228, 261; Eusebius' method illustrated, 45, 46, 184; importance of his testimony to the Canon, 53, 89, 99, 166, 264 sq; appeals to the elders (see _Elders_); his evidence to the Fourth Gospel, 3 sq, 52, 53, 54 sq; to the motive of the Fourth Gospel, 48, 182; to four Gospels, 45, 48, 166, 233, 263 sq; to the Ignatian Epistles, 80, 82; to the Epistle of Polycarp, 82, 101, 104 sq; his appeal to the Gospels against the Valentinians, 219, 245 sq, 262; his controversial treatises, 267; his conflict with Gnosticism, 160, 219; on the Paschal question, 242, 244 sq, 267; on the duration of Christ's ministry, 246; on His age at the time of the Passion, 246 sq; on the Apocalypse, 45, 47, 216; on the old age of St John, 48, 92, 101; on Polycarp, 96 sq, 115, 116; on Papias, 4 sq, 127, 142 sq, 154, 158 sq, 166, 194 sq, 248 n; on the Hebrew original of St Matthew, 172; his Chiliasm, 151, 197; his evidence for episcopacy, 122; his use of the word 'oracles,' 174; his literary obligations to Papias, 202; to Melito, 236 sq; considered as a critic, 268 sq

Jacobson, 63, 66, 67 n, 69, 103 n, 123 n

Jerome; on the Hebrew original of St Matthew, 208 n, 285; on the _Gospel according to the Hebrews_, 42, 152, 208, 285; on the public reading of Polycarp's Epistle, 105 n; on Tatian's treatment of St Paul's Epistles, 273 n; on Apollinaris, 242, 243

Jerusalem, results to the Christian Church from the fall of, 90 sq, 217

John (St); at Ephesus, 91, 101, 142 sq; his church organisation, 218; the founder of a school, 217 sq; the repositary of Apostolic doctrine and practice, 218; his encounter with Cerinthus, 101, 212; his connexion with Polycarp, 89, 92; with Papias, 142 sq, 160, 193, 198, 210 sq; with his namesake John the Presbyter, 143 sq, 187; his longevity, 48, 89, 91, 92, 101, 217, 246; a story of his martyrdom explained, 211 sq; traditions respecting him, 48, 187, 189 sq, 210, 217; see also _Fourth Gospel_

John (St), the Epistles of; their position in the Canon of Eusebius, 39, 46 sq; two mentioned in the Muratorian Canon, 190; the First Epistle employed by Polycarp, 49 sq, 118, 191 sq, 220; by Papias, 49, 154, 186, 190 sq, 206, 220; by IrenŠus, 45; a postscript to the Fourth Gospel, 186 sq, 190, 220; the evidence of Papias, and of the Muratorian Canon, to this fact, 189, 206

John Malalas; represents Ignatius as martyred at Antioch, 79 sq, 212 n, 214; his historical blunders, 80 sq, 214, 269, 285; on a visit of Antoninus Pius to Asia Minor, 98 n

John the Baptist; his designation in the Fourth Gospel, 18 sq, 124 sq; his father Zacharias, 146 n, 256 sq; the [Greek: ph˘nŕ], 232 n

John the Presbyter; in Asia Minor, 91; his connexion with Papias, 143 sq, 149, 150 n, 164, 165 sq, 266; with Pothinus, 266; with the Apostle St John, 143 sq, 187

Judith, date of the book of, 25 n

Julian, the Emperor, 270

Justa, the Syrophoenician, 129

Justin Martyr; his pupil Tatian, 272, 274; his accuser Crescens, 148, 272; his martyrdom, 148, 274; the account in Eusebius, 150; his evangelical quotations, 43; looseness of his quotations from the O.T., 12, 43; his lost writings, 33; Eusebius' method tested upon his extant works, 43; his Chiliasm, 151; his error as to Simon Magus, 268; his Logos doctrine compared with Melito, 235; his references to the Virgin Mary, 236; his evidence to the authorship of the Apocalypse, 43; to the public use of the Gospels, 227

Kestner, 68, 69

Lampe, 68

Lardner, 40, 41 n, 42 n, 68, 69, 94 n, 109 n, 241 n

Lechler, 70

Leimbach, 158 n, 264 n

Linus, 45

Lipsius, 64, 65, 71, 80 n, 81 n, 85, 103 n, 104, 116, 213 n

Logos; the expression common to the Apocalypse and Fourth Gospel, 15; as distinct from [Greek: ph˘nŕ], 232 n; the doctrine in the Ignatian Epistles, 86 sq; in Justin Martyr, 235; in Valentinus, 86; in Melito, 232, 234 sq; in Marcellus of Ancyra, 87; its importance a characteristic of the second century, 235

Lucian; illustrates the Ignatian Epistles, 76 sq; the Epistle of Polycarp, 77 n

Luke's (St) Gospel; the source of Marcion's Gospel, 8, 186; Papias acquainted with, 178 sq, 186; the evidence of the Muratorian Canon, 189; quoted in the _Letter of the Gallican Churches_, 255 sq; Renan on its authorship, 291

Luthardt, 14, 132

[Greek: Leopardos], 67, 83

[Greek: Logia], 155 n, 160, 163, 171, 172 sq

Magdeburg Centuriators, 65, 66

Malalas; see _John Malalas_

Manes, 81

Mansel, 28

Marcellus of Ancyra, the Logos doctrine of, 87

Marcion; his date, 81, 116, 213 n; confused with Cerinthus, 210, 212; his Gospel, 6 n, 8, 186; his Canon, 117, 227, 263, 273; Papias' acquaintance with it, 186; his attitude towards St Paul, 273; his high moral character, 119; his distinctive views, 117 sq; not alluded to in the Ignatian Epistles, 85; nor in Polycarp's Epistle, 101, 115, 212; a supposed allusion considered, 106, 115 sq; opposed by Justin Martyr, 33; by Melito, 231; scene of his heresy, 219, 227, 231; the question of the Canon raised by it, 219, 225; his views on the resurrection and judgment, 120

Maries, the four, in Papias the lexicographer, 210 sq

Mark's (St) Gospel; the account and criticism of Papias, 8, 10, 19, 162 sq, 175 sq, 181, 205 sq; the motive of Papias' allusion, 207; compared by Papias with the Fourth Gospel, 165, 205 sq; identification of Papias' St Mark, 2, 10, 20, 46, 163 sq; evidence of the Muratorian Canon to, 189, 205 sq

Marseilles, 252

_Martyrdom of Polycarp_; see _Polycarp, Martyrdom of_

Massuet, 98 n

Matthew (St), and Papias, 143, 193

Matthew's (St) Gospel; the account in Papias, 163, 167 sq, 181; his testimony to the Hebrew original, 168, 172; its character, 170 sq; a Greek St Matthew in existence in his day, 168 sq; identical with the extant Gospel, 169 sq; relation of the Hebrew to the Greek Gospel, 170; confused with the _Gospel according to the Hebrews_, by Jerome, 285; perhaps by Papias, 170; motive of Papias' allusion, 208; quoted in the Epistle of Barnabas as 'Scripture,' 227

Meletius, confused with Melito, 231

Melito; his date, 223, 224; a contemporary of Polycarp and Papias, 224; perhaps one of the elders quoted in IrenŠus, 196 n, 224; perhaps a teacher of Clement of Alexandria, 218, 224; his travels, 224, 226; his learning, 228; his orthodoxy, 230; range of his literary works, 32, 102, 224; their popularity, 102, 224, 230; his lost works, 223, 225, 229; his _Apology_, 223, 241 n; the preface to his _Selections_, 226; (1) the extant Greek fragments, their genuineness, 228 sq; supported by the evidence of Tertullian and Hippolytus to his style, 229 sq, 234; not the work of Meletius, 231; their direct evidence to the Gospels, 231; (2) the Syriac fragments, 232 sq; their theology, 234 sq; his doctrine of the Logos, 234; his references to the Virgin Mary, 235 sq; passages from his works incorporated into IrenŠus, 236 sq; Armenian version of a fragment and its Syriac abridgment, 236 sq; a quotation in _Chronicon Paschale_, 241 n; his work on the Paschal controversy, 223, 225, 241 n, 242 sq; evidence to the Fourth Gospel therefrom, 248; notice of the Apocalypse in, 47, 216; coincidences with St Paul's Epistles, 237; his treatise against Marcion, 231; date and manner of his death, 224

Merx, 64, 71

Mill (J.S.), 28 sq, 204

Milman, 65

Ministry, the duration of our Lord's, 16 sq, 48, 131, 245 sq

Miracles, 26 sq

[Moesinger, 288]

Montanism; its centre in Asia Minor, 219; correspondence between the Churches of Asia and Gaul relating to, 253; IrenŠus' mission to Rome respecting, 253, 259 n; not referred to in the Ignatian Epistles, 85; nor in the Epistle of Polycarp, 106; opposed by Apollinaris, 238; by IrenŠus, 267; the question of the Canon involved in the controversy with, 219, 238, 267

Morality and dogma, 27 sq

Mosheim, 68

Mozley, 28

Muratori, 295 n

Muratorian Canon; date, 188; original language, 188 n; English translation, 189 sq; emendations in the text, 189 n; represents the Church of Rome, 53, 270; its evidence to St Mark's Gospel, 189, 205 sq; to St Luke's Gospel, 189, 206; to the Fourth Gospel, 52 sq, 91, 189 sq, 206, 216; to four Gospels, 164, 188 sq, 205 sq, 270; its testimony compared with that of Papias, 205 sq; perhaps borrowed from him, 207; Matthew Arnold's estimate of, 190 n

Naassenes, 161 n

Nature; two meanings of the term, 29 sq; its relation to a Personal God, 28 sq

Neander, 68, 69, 120 n, 141, 242

Neocoros, 300

Neubauer, 17 n, 133, 135, 136

Nicolaitans, 48, 182

Niebuhr, 25

Nolte, 211 n

Oecumenius, 201

Onesimus, the friend of Melito, 226

Ophites, 52, 161, 202, 219

Origen; on Celsus, 7; on the authorship of the Fourth Gospel, 216; of the Apocalypse, 216; uses the _Gospel according to the Hebrews_, 152 n; quotes the Ignatian Epistles, 80, 82; his accuracy in textual criticism, 269; his use of the word 'oracles', 174

Otto, 223 n, 228 n, 229, 238 n, 241 n

Oudin, 67

Overbeck, 210, 213 n, 293 n

Owen, 67

[Greek: ouk oid' hop˘s], 277 sq

Pamphilus, 225

PantŠnus, 145 n, 172, 274

Papias; his date, 142, 147 sq; his name and namesakes, 153, 211; of heathen origin, 153; a companion of Polycarp, 142, 150, 153, 218; perhaps not a hearer of St John, 142, 143 sq, 146, 193, 198, 210 sq; his _Expositions_, 32, 39, 142; its title, 155 n, 156, 171 sq, 175 sq; its date, 150; its nature, 11, 155; directed against Gnostic exegesis, 160 sq, 175, 202; as affecting his attitude towards the written Gospels, 156, 159 n, 160; the extant Gospels the text for his exegesis, 163 sq; his method illustrated, 143, 158 sq, 194, 197; his informants the 'elders', 4 sq, 143, 145, 159, 163, 168, 181, 197 sq; especially Aristion and John the Presbyter, 143 sq, 149, 150 n, 164 sq, 266; his Chiliasm, 151 sq, 158 sq, 160, 197 sq, 215 n; not an Ebionite, 151 sq; his attitude towards St Paul, 151 sq; his use of the _Gospel according to the Hebrews_ considered, 152, 203 sq; his orthodoxy, 154; story of his martyrdom explained, 147 sq, 211 sq; his mention of St Matthew's Gospel, 163, 167 sq, 181, 208; character of the original Hebrew, 170 sq, 207 sq; the Greek extant in his time, 168, 208; his mention of St Mark's Gospel, 8, 10, 19, 162 sq, 175 sq, 181, 205 sq; his acquaintance with St Luke's Gospel, 178 sq, 186; with the Fourth Gospel, 4 sq, 35, 54 sq, 178 sq; evidenced by his acquaintance with 1 John, 186 sq, 190 sq; by other indications, 192 sq, 203 sq; Eusebius' method illustrated upon, 34 sq, 151, 178 sq; his testimony to the Apocalypse, 34 n, 214; his testimony to the Canon supported by that of the Muratorian fragment, 205 sq; which perhaps borrowed from him, 207; obligations of IrenŠus to, 202; of Eusebius, 208; not the amanuensis of the Fourth Gospel, 210 sq, 213 sq; nor author of exoteric books, 210 sq; confusion of the name, 148 sq, 211; quotations in IrenŠus, 4 sq, 127, 194, 248 n; the pericope adulterae and other interpolations in the Gospels perhaps from his work, 203 sq; his position as an authority, 10, 218; his credulity considered, 269

Papias, the lexicographer, 211

Papylus, confused with Papias, 148 sq

Paraclete; the Montanist doctrine of the, 219, 267; in the _Letter of the Gallican Churches_, 255, 258

Parker, 66, 67

_Paschal Chronicle_; confuses Papias and Papylus, 148 sq; preserves quotations from Apollinaris, 238, 239 sq; from Melito, 241 n; sources of its information, 148 n, 260 n; on the date of Theodotion's version of the LXX, 260 n

Paschal controversy; silence of the Ignatian Epistles upon, 85; of the Epistle of Polycarp, 106; Asia Minor the scene of, 219; Polycarp's visit to Rome respecting, 99 sq, 121; the account in Eusebius, 17, 245; the treatise of Melito on, 223, 225, 241 n, 242 sq; of Apollinaris, 238 sq; of Clement of Alexandria, 243 sq; of Pierius of Alexandria, 241 n; of IrenŠus, 242, 244 sq, 267; action of the Gallican Churches with respect to, 253 sq; the attitude of Victor upon, 100, 244, 245, 248, 253 sq; remonstrance of IrenŠus, 100; of Polycrates, 248; the error of _S.R._ regarding its character, 17, 240 sq, 245; its relation to the Canon, 17, 219, 225, 239 sq, 267

Paul (St); in Cyprus, 294 sq; at Ephesus, 299 sq; his attack on Gnosticism, 119 sq; his treatment as a prisoner, 75, 78; his claim to work miracles, 125; his directions as to idol-sacrifices, 14; his connexion with Gaul, 251; not aimed at in the Apocalypse, 13 sq; attitude of Clement of Rome towards, 40; of the Ignatian Epistles, 41, 42; of Polycarp, 42 sq, 95 sq, 101 sq; of Hegesippus, 12; of Papias, 151 sq; of Marcion, 117, 219, 225, 273; of the elders in IrenŠus, 248; of Melito, 237; of Tatian, 273; of the School of St John generally, 251; of the Churches in Gaul, 255; position of his writings in the Canon of Eusebius, 37, 38, 46 sq; see also _TŘbingen School_

_Paul, Acts of_, 37

Pearson, in the Ignatian controversy, 83, 86

Pella, 90, 91

Peregrinus Proteus, 76 sq

Pergamum, 147, 148

Pericope Adulterae, an insertion from Papias, 203 sq

Perpetua, 76, 83

Petau, 66, 67

_Peter, Acts of_, 37

_Peter, Apocalypse of_, 37, 47

_Peter, Gospel of_, 37

_Peter, Preaching of_, 37

Peter (St), the Epistles of; their position in the Canon of Eusebius, 36 sq, 46; Eusebius' method tested on, 43, 45, 47, 49; the First Epistle largely quoted by Polycarp, 43, 49 sq, 95, 109, 191 sq; employed by Papias, 186, 206 sq; by IrenŠus, 45

Peter of Alexandria, 241 n

Petermann, 63, 71, 86 sq

Philip (St), the Apostle; at Hierapolis, 91, 143, 149; his daughters, 91, 149, 153; his intercourse with Papias, 143, 146, 149, 193; his identity, 91 n

Philip, the Asiarch, 222 n

Philippi, the Church at; Ignatius' visit to, 93, 106; Polycarp's correspondence with, 93 sq, 101, 106 sq, 121 (see _Polycarp, Epistle of_); episcopacy at, 106, 108

Philippians, German theories as to the Pauline Epistle to the, 24 sq

Phillips, 279 n

Philo, 173 sq, 200 n

Photius, 196 n, 238, 239, 241 n, 242, 243, 267 n

Pierius of Alexandria, 241 n

Pliny; his credulity and that of the early fathers, 269; his informant Sergius Paulus, 294 sq

Polycarp of Smyrna; date of his birth, 90; born at a crisis, 90 sq; of Christian parents, 94; reared in the centre of Christianity, 91 sq; under the influence of St John, 89, 92; bishop of Smyrna, 92; entertains Ignatius, 92, 113; his age at this time, 121; his letter to the Philippians (see _Polycarp, Epistle of_); a companion of Papias, 142, 150, 153, 218; his old age, 96; his pupils Florinus and IrenŠus, 96 sq, 264, 265; his journey to Rome, 99 sq, 121; preaches at Rome, 101; his encounter with Marcion, 101, 115, 212; his attitude in the Paschal controversy, 99 sq; date of his martyrdom, 90, 97, 103 sq, 147, 264; details of it, 77 n, 103, 220 sq; document preserving it (see _Polycarp, Martyrdom of_); his position and that of Clement of Rome, 89, 94; the depositary of Apostolic tradition, 89 sq, 96; the link with IrenŠus, 89, 100 sq; the reverence inspired by, 121 n; characteristic expressions of, 97, 115 sq; his use of the word 'oracles', 174

Polycarp, Epistle of; date and circumstances of writing, 93 sq, 101, 106 sq, 121; incomplete in the Greek, 11; its genuineness, 104 sq; (1) external evidence for, 104; (2) internal evidence, 105 sq; from (i) its formula of evangelical quotations, 105, 109; (ii) its picture of Church order, 106, 107 sq, 122; (iii) its Christology, 106, 108; (iv) the argument from silence, 106; (v) its style and subject-matter compared with the Ignatian Epistles, 106 sq; Ritschl's theory of interpretations considered, 110 sq; further objections dealt with, (_a_) the martyr journey of Ignatius, 111; (_b_) alleged anachronisms, 11, 111 sq, 122; (_c_) the Ignatian Epistles appended, 113 sq; (_d_) the thirteenth chapter, 114; (_e_) a supposed reference to Marcion, 115 sq; (_f_) the age of the writer, 121; scriptural quotations in, 42 sq, 49 sq, 93 sq, 109, 118, 227; Eusebius' method tested on, 42 sq, 49; the quotations from 1 Peter, 43, 49 sq, 95, 109, 191 sq; coincidence with 1 John, 49; relation to the Pauline Epistles, 95 sq, 101 sq; its testimony to the Ignatian Epistles, 11, 82, 113 sq

_Polycarp, Martyrdom of_; the document, 103, 220; its date, 220; emphasizes the coincidences with the Passion, 220 sq; its evidence to the Fourth Gospel, 221 sq; employed by the _Paschal Chronicle_, 148 n

Polycrates of Ephesus; his place in the School of St John, 218; his work on the Paschal controversy, 244, 248 sq; scriptural quotations in his letter to Victor, 248, 249; quotes the Fourth Gospel, 249; his reference to Melito, 224

Pontius Pilate, date of the termination of the procuratorship of, 131 n

Pothinus; probably a native of Asia Minor, 253, 265; date of his martyrdom, 253, 265; perhaps one of the elders of IrenŠus, 196 n, 266

Presbyter John; see _John the Presbyter_

Presbyters in IrenŠus; see _Elders_

Proclus, Cominius, proconsul of Cyprus, 294 n

Proconsuls; the title in imperial times, 292 sq; the Greek equivalent, 292; of Cyprus, 294

ProprŠtors; the title in imperial times, 292; the Greek equivalent, 292

_Protevangelium_, 15, 256 sq

Quadratus, proconsul of Cyprus, 294 n

Quadratus, Statius, the Asiatic proconsulship of, 103 sq

Quartodeciman; see _Paschal controversy_

Renan, 104, 232 n, 291

Rhodon, 272, 273 n, 274

Ritschl, 63, 65, 110 sq

Rivetus, 66, 67

Roman Church, its influence in the time of Ignatius, 59

Roman prisoners, treatment of, 75 sq

Roman provinces; Augustus' division of, 291 sq; the titles of their governors, 292; interchange of imperial and senatorial provinces, 292; Asia and Africa the most sought after, 293

RosenmŘller, 68

Routh, 154 n, 201 n, 214 n, 241 n, 252 n

Rufinus, 203

Rufus, 111

Ruinart, 76 n, 80

Sachau, 232 n

Salutaris, C. Vibius, 302

Sanday; on the Fourth Gospel, 15; on Marcion's Gospel, 186 n

Saturus, 76

Saumaise, 66

Schleiermacher, 171

Schliemann, 70

Schmidt, 68

Scholten, 64, 119, 242, 262 n

Schroeckh, 68, 69

Schwegler, 24

Second century; its voluminous ecclesiastical literature, 32, 102; meagre literary remains of the first three quarters, 33, 53, 89, 102; small bearing on the Canon of the extant works, 33, 271; importance of IrenŠus at the close of the century, 53, 89

Semler, 68

Serapion, 238

Sergius Paulus, proconsul of Cyprus; perhaps an informant of Pliny, 294 sq; Cyprian inscription mentioning him, 294, 297

Sergius Paulus, L.; the friend of Galen, 296; proconsul of Asia, 223, 296; his date, 223; his cursus honorum, 296; his resemblance in character to his namesake in the Acts, 296; his scientific studies, 297; identification of an unknown, 295 n

Severians, Apollinaris' treatise against the, 238, 243

Severus of Antioch, 87

Shechem and Sychar, 17, 133 sq

Silence, its place in the Gnostic Systems, 86 sq

Siloam, 18, 203

Simon Magus, 268

Simonians, 86, 161

_SmyrnŠans, Letter of the_; see _Polycarp, Martyrdom of_

Socinus, 66, 67

Socrates, the historian, 239

Stephanus Gobarus, 12

Strabo, 292, 293 n

_Supernatural Religion_; criticisms on his grammar and scholarship, 3 sq, 53 sq, 126 sq; on his impartiality, 9 sq, 20 sq, 130 sq, 140 sq, 191 sq; on the plan of his book, 26, 138 sq; his charges against opponents, 20 sq, 137 sq; his lists of references, 23, 65 sq; his theological position, 139 n; on the silence of Eusebius, 33 sq; on the Paschal controversy, 17, 240 sq, 245; clerical and other errors, and ambiguities in, 124 sq, 182 sq, 257

Supernatural, meaning of the term, 29 sq

Sychar, identification of, 17 sq, 133 sq

Synoptists; their points of contrast with the Fourth Gospel, 15 sq; recognized by the early fathers, 207 sq, 239; their chronology compared, 16, 48, 131, 239 sq, 245 sq; see also _Fourth Gospel_

Tacitus, 25, 268 n

Tatian; an Assyrian, 272; a heathen sophist, 272; his travels, 272; his conversion, 272; a pupil of Justin Martyr, 272, 274; his disciples at Rome, 272, 274; removes to the East, 272; his subsequent heretical opinions, 272; his attitude towards St Paul and the Pauline Epistles, 273, 284; his views anti-Judaic, 273; date of his literary activity, 274; his extant _Apology_, 274; its date, 275; quotes from the Fourth Gospel, 50, 275; his formula of quotation, 276; his _Diatessaron_, 277 sq; its description in Eusebius, 277; who knew but disparaged it, 278; the evidence of the _Doctrine of Addai_, 278 sq; the commentary of Ephraem Syrus, 280, 283; [discovery of an Armenian Version, 288;] Bar-Salibi's statements, 280 sq; Theodoret's testimony to its circulation, 282 sq; summary of evidence, 283 sq; counter-statement of Epiphanius, 284 sq; of Victor of Capua, 285 sq; read in the Churches of Edessa, 278 sq; of Cyrrhestice, 282 sq; its opening words, 280, 281 n, 283; its plan, 280 sq; other than that of Ammonius' _Diatessaron_, 280 sq, 283; confusion of the two works, 281 n; Aphraates' knowledge of it, 283 n, [288]; the range of its circulation, 284; confused with the _Gospel according to the Hebrews_, 284 sq; [recent discovery of an Arabic Version, 288]

Tertullian; gives evidence to the Fourth Gospel, 52; his _Apologeticum_, 275; on the episcopate of Polycarp, 92 n; on the style of Melito, 229; Chiliasm of, 151

Theodoret; date of his episcopate, 282; his treatise on Heresies, 282; his evidence for the Ignatian Epistles, 72; for Tatian's _Diatessaron_, 282 sq; for Apollinaris, 238, 239, 242 sq

Theodotion's Version of the LXX, 260

Theophilus of Antioch; his works, extant and lost, 44; quotes the Fourth Gospel, 44, 52, 179, 215, 216; Eusebius' method tested on his _Autolycus_, 44, 52, 215; his testimony to the Apocalypse, 44, 47, 216; his investigations in comparative chronology, 269

Thiersch, 68

Thomas (St), 143, 193

Thomasius, 210 n

Tillemont, 241 n, 253 n

Tischendorf; defended against _S.R.'s_ charges, 5 sq, 54 sq, 125 n, 127 n, 128 n, 138; other references to, 4, 129, 165, 167, 210

TŘbingen School, criticised, 12, 24, 42, 64, 82, 89 sq, 95 sq, 101 sq, 110 sq, 151 sq, 251

Uhlhorn, 63, 71

Ussher, 60, 61

Valens, the Presbyter, 108

Valentinianism; its expressions anticipated in the Ignatian Epistles, 85, 86 sq; opposed by IrenŠus, 98, 101, 219, 245 sq, 262; by Hippolytus, 161; its appeal to the Canon, 219, 262, 268; to the Fourth Gospel, 52; to uncanonical books, 263; its bearing on the chronology of our Lord's Life, 245 sq; its exegesis, 161

Vettius Epagathus, 255, 256

Victor of Capua; his date, 286; discovers an anonymous Harmony of the Gospel, 286; Frankish translation of this Harmony, 286 n; assigns it to Tatian, 286; [perhaps rightly, 288;] the word _Diapente_ in his notice of Tatian, 279 n, 285 sq

Victor of Rome; his date, 261; his attitude in the Paschal controversy, 100, 244, 245, 248, 253 sq

Vienne and Lyons, Churches of; see _Gallican Churches_

Virgin Mary, character of the allusions in Justin Martyr and Melito to the, 235 sq

Volkmar, 24 sq, 64, 71, 79 sq

Voss, 61

Vossian Epistles; see _Ignatian Epistles_

Waddington, 98 n, 103 sq, 115, 121, 223, 295 n, 296 n

Weiffenbach, 146 n, 158 n

Weismann, 68, 69

Weiss, 63, 65, 71

Westcott; defended against the attacks of _S.R._, 4 sq, 12 sq, 21 sq, 53 sq, 123 sq, 128 n, 137 sq; other references to, 93, 130, 155, 161 n, 211 n, 226 sq, 275 n; his reply to _S.R._, 79 n

Whiston, 69

_Wisdom of Solomon_, 46

Wood's discoveries at Ephesus, 294 n, 297 sq

Wordsworth, Bishop Christopher, 222 n

Wright, 282 n

Zacharias, 146 n, 255 sq, 262 n

Zahn, 63, 71, 75 n, 77 n, 79 n, 81 n, 115 n, 213 n, 279 n, 283 n, [287]

Zeller, 64

Ziegler, 68, 264 n

Zosimus, 111

Zunz, 153 n

 


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